Bone Grafting Surgery
Destruction of the bone leads to the development of periodontal pockets, and if too much bone is lost, the teeth may need to be extracted. However, regenerative periodontal procedures could reverse some of the damage by rebuilding lost bone and other supporting tissues. During this procedure, gums are gently folded back and the area is thoroughly cleaned out to eliminate disease-causing bacteria. Isolation and protection of the clean bone area from overlying gum tissue will encourage body's natural ability to form new bone. Eliminating existing bacteria and regenerating bone and supporting tissues helps reduce pocket depth and repair damage caused by the progression of periodontal disease. Most techniques utilize particulate bone grafts and membranes, which are inserted over the bone defects. Some of these membranes are bio-absorbable (dissolve over time) and some require removal after healing process has been completed.